RSETI scheme is a unique initiative taken up by MoRD in January 2009 in mitigating the problem of unemployment. Every year, millions of youth from rural and semi urban areas, who could not pursue higher and professional education, enter the job market but do not find suitable job because there is a limitation for getting jobs. In such a situation, the need was felt for promotion of self employment for the youth in general and for youth from below poverty line (BPL) in particular. The scheme envisage framework for imparting good quality residential training and post training follow up with credit linkages for sustained motivation among the trainees with the objectives of promoting entrepreneurship among the rural youth to earn their own livelihood.
It is true that there are many institutions engaged in skill development of rural youth but majority of them are doing the work of skill development only. What happens after the training is not their concern. In other words training looks like giving a formal education. The basic objectives of the RSETIs is not only to impart skill development training to rural youth but to also impart soft skill to them, which is an integral part of the training to inculcate confidence and to motivate them as well as to ensure establishment of micro enterprise by the trainees as a mean of self employment to earn his or her livelihood or to supplement the family income. Thus, the training responsibility is just 15-20%, and the real work i.e. hand holding support to the trainees to ensure establishment of micro enterprise by them still remains 80%.
The RSETI concept is designed keeping this aspect in mind. In this concept, institute is providing hand holding support to the trainees for a minimum period of two years by being in constant touch with the trainees and by doing regular follow up.
Training programmes available with RSETIs:
The duration of training programmes is minimum 6 days and maximum 6 weeks; the target group are basically the rural unemployed youths.
Training Programme under RSETI;
RSETI in Meghalaya
As per MoRD guidelines one RSETI is to be opened and made functional in each identified district of the country. The respective SLBCs have identified 603 districts across the country for opening the RSETIs and have allocated them to various banks.
In Meghalaya all the districts are identified and allotted to various banks/institutions for opening the RSETIs by the State Level Bankers Committee (SLBC). As on date only one RSETI has been established at Ri –Bhoi district (Umran) by State Bank India (SBI). Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) has released grant to this RSETI. Day to day operation and management of these RSETIs is to be looked after by the respective lead banks. RSETIs are bank lead institutions; the name of respective sponsored bank is prefixed to give it a distinct identity.
In SBI-RSETI (Umran), the major preference of the youths trainings are animal husbandry programmes like piggery, poultry, dairy, goatery, and others like mushroom cultivation, fishery, bee-king, vermin-culture etc. Programmes on food processing and steel fabrication have also been held.